Miguel de Cervantes, 1547-1616 Madrid

martha n wasserman, paradise valley, az, molm, dale’s passing in 2008

asst. beatrice williams-rude

mitch leigh wrote the score for la mancha

wasserman wrote the book man of la mancha, and I, Don Quixote, in the late 1950s.

lyricist joe darion

(wh auden was the first lyricist, arguing w wasserman)

 

The reason that Cervantes left Spain is unknown. Possible reasons include that he was a “student” of the same name, a “sword-wielding fugitive from justice”, or fleeing from a royal warrant of arrest, for having wounded a certain Antonio de Sigura in a duel.[18]Like many young Spanish men who wanted to further their careers, Cervantes left for Italy. In Rome, he focused his attention on Renaissance art, architecture, and poetry – knowledge of Italian literature is discernible in his work. He found “a powerful impetus to revive the contemporary world in light of its accomplishments”.[19][20] Thus, Cervantes’ stay in Italy, as revealed in his later works, might be in part a desire for a return to an earlier period of the Renaissance.[21]

By 1570, Cervantes had enlisted as a soldier in a regiment of the Spanish Navy MarinesInfantería de Marina, stationed in Naples, then a possession of the Spanish crown. He was there for about a year before he saw active service. In September 1571, Cervantes sailed on board the Marquesa, part of the galley fleet of the Holy League that, under the command of John of Austria, the illegitimate half brother of Spain’s Phillip II, defeated the Ottoman fleet on 7 October 1571, in the Battle of Lepanto. (The Holy League was a coalition of Pope Pius V, Spain, the republics of Venice and of Genoa, the Duchy of Savoy, the Knights Hospitaller in Malta, and others.)

Though taken with fever, Cervantes refused to stay below. He demanded to take part in the battle, saying he would rather die for his God and king than keep under cover. He fought and received three gunshot wounds—two in the chest and one that rendered his left arm useless. In Journey to Parnassus he said that he “…had lost the movement of the left hand for the glory of the right,” (referring to the success of his writing Don Quixote). Cervantes recounted his conduct in the battle with pride. He believed he had taken part in an event that shaped the course of European history.

After the Battle of Lepanto, Cervantes remained in hospital in Messina, Italy, for about six months, before his wounds healed enough to allow his joining the colors again.[22] From 1572 to 1575, based mainly in Naples, he continued his soldier’s life: he participated in expeditions to Corfu and Navarino, and saw the fall of Tunis and La Goulette to the Turks in 1574.[5]:220

On 6 or 7 September 1575, Cervantes set sail on the galley Sol from Naples to Barcelona, with letters of commendation to the king from the Duke of Sessa.[23] On the morning of 26 September, as the Sol approached the Catalan coast, it was attacked by Ottoman pirates and he was taken to Algiers, which had become one of the main and most cosmopolitan cities of the Ottoman Empire, and was kept there in captivity between the years of 1575 and 1580.[24] After five years as a slave in Algiers, and four unsuccessful escape attempts, he was ransomed by his parents and the Trinitarians and returned to his family in Madrid. Not surprisingly, this traumatic period of Cervantes’ life supplied subject matter for several of his literary works, notably the Captive’s tale in Don Quixote and the two plays set in Algiers – El trato de Argel (Life in Algiers) and Los baños de Argel (The Dungeons of Algiers) – as well as episodes in a number of other writings, although never in straight autobiographical form.[13]

 

File:Don Quijote Illustration by Gustave Dore VII.jpg

Description
English: Don Quijote Illustration by Gustave Dore VII
Date
Source Miguel de Cervantes’s Don Quijote. Illustrations by Gustave Dore.
Author Gustave Dore

This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or less.

English: The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote de La Mancha
Spanish: Cover of the first edition of the first part of El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha , book by Miguel de Cervantes . Madrid: Juan de la Cuesta; 1605
Text : THE INGENIOUS HIDALGO DON QVIXOTE DE LA MANCHA,
Composed by Miguel de Ceruantes Saauedra
ADDRESSED TO THE DVQVE DE BEIAR,
Marques de Gibraleon, Count of Benalcaçar, and Bañares, Viscount of the Puebla de Alcozer, Lord of the Villages of Capilla, Curiel, and Burguillos.
Year, 1605.
WITH PRIVILEGE,
IN MADRID, By Iuan de la Cueſta.
He sold in Caci de Franciſco de Robles, bookseller of the King nr̃o. sir.The shield of the printer shows a falconry falcon, a sleeping lion and the badge « Post tenebras spero lucem » (I wait for the light after dark Job 17,12 )
Date
Source http://bdh-rd.bne.es/viewer.vm?id=0000192233&page=1
Author Juan de la Cuesta (printer); Miguel de Cervantes (author)
Other versions File: Cervantes Don Quixote 1605.gif

Licensing edit ] This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 100 years or less .

About kathyfoshay

I'm all alone with the real end of the world and always looking for assistance and no one's ever contacted me from the hundreds of letters I'd sent while at the big homeless shelter, 2nd and D Streets, NW, as though anyone that tries to contact me gets disappeared, my life used as a LURE-gimmick that goes to how that Armageddon prophecy in that book of Revelation has been being snuck-through, and this is sort of the bottom of the barrel of ideas for trying to find assistance, thinking I could get all my various writings on this in one place that letter-recipients could then look up if they're interested. That means I'd have to see if I can send my emails to here, how to do that. Wordpress said there is a way but it entails that spam would also get the email address. My time for now it up I guess. Working in this sitting position isn't healthy for me but I've always got to be doing something toward trying to get hold of someone to help me. It's like I'm a microcosm of the Earth or the human race and if someone could help me out of this torture then that'd be a start on trying to get the whole Earth out of this. 5/1/17, still all this, etc., same situation. (7/14/18 now....) Now it's 2019.
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