Julius Martov, 1873 Constantinople – 1923 Baden

MartovW.jpg ‎(217 × 355 pixels, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)


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English: The Menshevik Julius Martov, in a photograph taken in Petrograd in 1917.
Español: El político menchevique Yuli Martov, retratado en Petrogrado en 1917.
Source The image has been widely reproduced in historical studies of the Russian Revolution.


Public domain This work is in the public domain in Russia according to article 1281 of Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation No. 230-FZ of December 18, 2006 and article 6 of Law No. 231-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006 (the Implementation Act for Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation) (details).Usually:[1]

  1. The author of this work died before January 1, 1942.
  2. The author of this work died between January 1, 1942 and January 1, 1946, did not work during the Great Patriotic War (Eastern Front of World War II) and did not participate in it.
  3. This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication.
  4. This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym between January 1, 1943 and January 1, 1946, and the name of the author did not become known during 70 years after publication.
  5. This work is non-amateur cinema or television film (or shot, or fragment from it), which was first shown between January 1, 1929[2]and January 1, 1946.

This work is in the public domain in the United States, because it was in the public domain in its home country (Russia) on the URAAdate (January 1, 1996).

[1] If the author of this work was subjected to repression and rehabilitated posthumously, countdown of copyright protection began not from the death date, but from the rehabilitation date. If the work was first published posthumously, the copyright term is counted from the date of that first publication, unless the author was later rehabilitated, in which case it runs again from that later rehabilitation date.
[2] Cinema films first shown before January 1, 1929 are subjects of points 1 and 2 of this template.

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This media file is in the public domain in the United States. This applies to U.S. works where the copyright has expired, often because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1924, and if not then due to lack of notice or renewal. See this page for further explanation.


after 1902 in Paris, from spartacus-educational dot com: After escaping Leon Trotsky met Natalia Sedova. He divorced Alexandra and married Natalia. They joined the Social Democratic Party and moved to Paris where they associated with LeninGeorge PlekhanovPavel AxelrodVera Zasulich and Julius Martov and became involved in producing the journal Iskra. Natalia recalled: “The autumn of 1902 was marked by frequent lectures in the Russian colony in Paris. The Iskra group, to which I belonged, saw first Martov, and then Lenin. A war was being fought against the “Economists” and the Socialist-Revolutionists.” (11)

circa 1906 trotsky escaped to helsinki where lenin and martov were and they went to london; trotsky moved to vienna, wwI he went to zurich, paris, deported to spain 1916;

Trotsky arrived in New York on 13th January, 1917 and worked with Nikolai Bukharin and Alexandra Kollontai in publishing the revolutionary newspaper Novy Mir (New World). Kollontai, a former Menshevik, had become “one of Lenin’s most fanatical adherents.” On the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II, Trotsky wrote: “We are the witnesses of the beginning of the second Russian revolution. Let us hope that many of us will be its participants.” (80) [1905 was the first i think] — he was detained then for a month in halifax.


About kathyfoshay

I'm all alone with the real end of the world and always looking for assistance and no one's ever contacted me from the hundreds of letters I'd sent while at the big homeless shelter, 2nd and D Streets, NW, as though anyone that tries to contact me gets disappeared, my life used as a LURE-gimmick that goes to how that Armageddon prophecy in that book of Revelation has been being snuck-through, and this is sort of the bottom of the barrel of ideas for trying to find assistance, thinking I could get all my various writings on this in one place that letter-recipients could then look up if they're interested. That means I'd have to see if I can send my emails to here, how to do that. Wordpress said there is a way but it entails that spam would also get the email address. My time for now it up I guess. Working in this sitting position isn't healthy for me but I've always got to be doing something toward trying to get hold of someone to help me. It's like I'm a microcosm of the Earth or the human race and if someone could help me out of this torture then that'd be a start on trying to get the whole Earth out of this. 5/1/17, still all this, etc., same situation. (7/14/18 now....) Now it's 2019.
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